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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-40

Paediatric renal diseases in a rural tertiary hospital in north-western Nigeria: pattern and outcome

Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Umma I Abdullahi
Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, P.O.Box 289, Kano State, Jigawa State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jesnt.jesnt_34_16

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Context The trend of paediatric kidney disease is steadily rising and is contributing significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality. Aim This study aimed at determining the trends, pattern, and outcome of renal diseases in children over a 10-year period. Participants and methods This was a retrospective study of all the consecutive children admitted with renal diseases from January 2006 to December 2015. All relevant data were extracted from their case notes and analyzed appropriately. Results One hundred and two of 6269 children admitted during the study period had kidney disease, giving an overall prevalence of 1.2%. Sixty-one were boys whereas the remaining 41 were girls, with a male : female of 1 : 0.7. The age ranged from 10 to 180 months. There was a progressive increase in the number of admissions due to renal diseases from 0.9% in 2006 up to 3.4% in 2013 of the total annual admissions. Acute glomerulonephritis was the most common renal condition. The majority of children [94 (92.2%)] recovered fully, four (3.9%) were referred, one (0.98%) child left with his parents against medical advice, whereas three children died, giving a mortality rate of 2.9%. Conclusion There is a progressive increase in the prevalence of renal diseases among children studied, with acute glomerulonephritis being the most common condition seen.

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