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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-9

Vascular endothelial growth factor and insulin growth factor as an underlying paracrine action of mesenchymal stem cells transfused for the regeneration of stage II and III chronic kidney disease

1 Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Gamal Saadi
Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Cairo University, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-9165.179198

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a group of multipotent cells found in cord blood, adipose tissue, bone marrow, and the stroma of various organs with a great potential for mesoderm-like cell differentiation. The aim of the present work was to study the paracrine effect of MSC transfusion in stage II and III chronic kidney disease, which is measured through the level of insulin growth factor-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor. Human bone marrow MSCs were isolated, expanded, and harvested after an average of 21-30 days not only morphologically, when the cells presented as a uniform spindle fibroblast and reached 70-80% confluence with a good cellular yield, but also through their immunophenotypic analysis, which showed positivity for CD29 and negativity for CD34. They were reinjected intravenously in 10 renal patients. To study the effect of such manipulation on the kidney, creatinine and creatinine clearance were measured at the day of injection (baseline), and the first and third month following injection. In addition, other modulators were measured during the first week of injection (day 0, 2, and 7) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To illustrate, for the first 3 months the creatinine and creatinine clearance reflected a significant renal improvement with an overall decrease of 14% and an increase of 23%, respectively. Although the third month's results may appear worse off than the first month's, they still were better than the baseline before transfusion. Therefore, such an improvement may be attributed to the growth factors released by the MSCs. In other words, both the vascular endothelial growth factor and insulin growth factor-1 showed an overall rise of 3 and 53%, respectively, in their level during the first week after transfusion. Therefore, MSCs transfused to the patients lead to the rise in such modulators, which in turn caused a significant improvement in renal functions. In conclusion, these findings may provide a novel therapy of regenerative medicine especially for chronic kidney disease where dialysis and renal transplantation are inevitable.

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