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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-20

Spectrum of renal diseases among patients admitted to the internal medicine unit through the emergency room and their outcomes: morbidity, mortality, and cost analysis


Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Salwa Ibrahim
MD FRCP (Edin), Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, 12311
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-9165.179201

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Renal disease is a common health problem that is linked to excessive morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is crucial to know the etiology and clinical features of renal diseases to promote prevention strategies and adequate management resources. This study aimed to perform a comprehensive review the spectrum of renal diseases among patients admitted to one internal medicine unit (unit 6) through the emergency room. We evaluated total admission cases to the unit 6 through the emergency room in 1 year between July 2010 and July 2011. The total capacity of the unit is 24 beds. The total number of patients admitted during the study period was 571. Their mean age was 50.72 ΁ 14.15 years (range 14-95 years). A total of 51.66% were males and 48.44% were females. The average duration of hospital stay was 6.43 ΁ 3.57 days (range 1-30 days). There were 200 patients with renal diseases (35.02%). Their mean age was 46.73 ΁ 15.76 years (range 16-87 years). In all, 55% were females and 45% were males, and the average duration of hospital stay was 7.59 ΁ 3.89 days (range 1-23 days). In all, 33% of patients had acute kidney injury represented, 51.5% had chronic kidney disease, 7.5% had glomerular diseases (nephrotic and nephritic syndromes), and 8% had obstructive uropathy. Fifteen patients died during their hospital stay (7.5%); their average age was 49.87 ΁ 11.42 years (range 28-65 years). There were four statistically significant mortality predictors among patients with kidney diseases (total leukocyte count above 19.55 cm 2 , serum potassium above 5.74 mEq/l, atrial fibrillation, and hypertension). The total cost of services provided for patients was 275 624 L.E. The total cost of services provided for patients with kidney diseases was 118 919.25 L.E. (43.15%).


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